placing hands on chest in salah hadith

Placing the Hands He (PBUH) then holds his left hand with his right hand, putting it on his chest or he (PBUH) holds his left forearm with his right hand, putting it on his chest. left hand with his right. Yet sharing them-. evidence on that, please see the answer to question no Abu Haatim ar-Raazi: Sadooq, Strictly Follows the Sunnah, Makes Abundant Mistakes, Write his narrations [Kitaab al-Jarah wal Tadeel: 8/374], 2. With Due Praise to Allah, the manuscript of Ibn Khuzaymah has not only been found but it has also gone through the process of publication, and its publication has proved all the congectural and ideological guesses to be wrong. Was Prophet Made From Nur Did Prophet Had A Shadow. Al-Nasaai (887) narrated that Waail ibn Hujr (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when he was standing in prayer; he clasped his right hand over his left. Al-Ismaaeeli = He narrated from him in his Mustakhraj (upon Saheeh Bukhaari). The hadith about placing hands on chest in musnad ahmed. A strong Shahid of the above narration is present in Musnad Ahmed (5/226 H. 22313), Al-Tahqeeq fi Ikhtilaaf ul-Hadeeth by Ibn al-Jawzi (1/28 H. 477), so the tadlees in this narration is no longer harmful. Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. His full name is Abu Abdullah Muammal bin Ismaeel Al-Qarshi Al-Udwi Al-Basri. This proves that this narration is absolutely authentic and free from deficiency according to Imam Ibn Khuzaymah. We also invite you to look at the, It sounds like the belief held by Shafi'i Mazhab (based of Abdullah's. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. [See Qawaaid fi Uloom ul-Hadeeth Pg 89], 24. Therefore, if other narrators do not narrate the words of Ala Sadrih then it is not a Jarah, because aforementioning is not the evidence for mentioning. All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the worlds. There is no [1/243 H. 479 etc]. What is the significance of washing the feet instead of doing wuzu before saying the prayers? There are three reports from Imam Ahmad as well: You should know that these differences of opinion is an issue of choice between the Imaams of Islam - May Allah have mercy upon them all. It only takes a minute to sign up. One narration is narrated from Hulb at-Taaee in Musnad Ahmed, whereas the other is from Waail ibn Hujr, narrated by Imam Ibn Khuzaymah in his Saheeh. [Al-Minhal al-Azab al-Mawrood: Vol 5 Pg 166], Imaam Abdur Rahmaan Mubaarakpooree said: And the Hadeeth of Tawoos is Mursal, because Tawoos is a Tabiee and its Isnaad is Hasan. One has a choice between placing and irsl. The Ahlu-Sunnah Wal Jamaah are agreed upon that all the Companions are incomparable in Adal and Thaqahat. Hafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani: He is truthful, weak in memory. [Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb], 10. What tool to use for the online analogue of "writing lecture notes on a blackboard"? In the arabic dictionary of deoband, Qamoos Al Waheed pg 915, the word Sadr means the chest of a Human (From beneath the throat upto the tummy). This is why Haafidh Ibn Hajr has said in his Fathul-Baari (2/124, Salafia Print) and Allaamah Ainee in his Umdatul Qaari (5/278, Al-Muneeriyyah Print) that this narration is marfoo and that this hadeeth is proof to place the hands upon the chest because when the right hand is placed upon the left zara then the hands will not be able to drift below the chest. Checking Hadith grading of narration of Abu Dhar in Musnad Ahmed. For example see: Al-Ihsaan bi Tarteeb Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan [1/143 H. 66, Pg 144 H. 68, 69 etc], and Athaaf al-Maharah [3/63, 64, 65 etc]. Log in, Join our e-mail list for regular site news and updates, All Rights Reserved for Islam Q&A 1997-2023. This is not a topic done within an hour or two. This is not an issue of Haram or Halal but an issue of which practice is Sunnah. His chain is as follows: Ibn al-Hussain informed us, he said Ibn al-Mudhhib informed us, he said Ahmed bin Jafar informed us, he said Abdullah bin Ahmed narrated to us, He said my father (Ahmed bin Hanbal) narrated to me, he said Yahya bin Saeed al-Qattaan narrated to us, From Sufyaan ath-Thawree, he said Simaak bin Harb narrated to me, From Qabeesah bin Hulb, From his Father (Hulb at-Taaee) [radiallah anhu], From the Prophet [peace be upon him]The same hadeeth.. [Al-Tahqeeq by Ibn al-Jawzi: Vol 1 Pg 338]. Wail ibn Hujr reported: He saw the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, raise his hands upon entering into prayer, exalting Allah, and Hammam described his hands as parallel to his ears. Ibn Hibbaan, Tirmidhi, Ijlee, Baghwi, Nawawi, Ibn Abdil Barr, and Ibn Abi Haatim etc have authenticated him, and declared him to be a Known narrator. place his right hand on his left hand. (Narrated by Muslim, 401). Where should we place the hands in salah? And he is imam nimawi hanafi not imam nawawi. Other Duhaym = The reliable companion of Makhool [Al-Jarah wal Tadeel: 4/41, Chain Saheeh], 3. So deriving evidence from these to place the hands on the chest in prayer is correct. [Tuhfatul Ahwadhee 2/81]. All its narators, Allah willing, are free from the defect of Jarah. [Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah: Vol 1 Pg 3]. Sulemaan bin Harb: He praised him [The reference has been passed under the criticizm of Sufyaan al-Faarsi], 5. Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, and our products. Allaamah Shaikh Sadee Sheyraazee has also mentioned similar reasoning in very eloquent poetry prose. In Saheeh Muslim, the following are the students of Simaak bin Harb: 5. End the arms hang means letting them hang down by the sides. This Abul Alaa is Muhammad bin Ali Al-Qaari [Taareekh Baghdaad: 3/95] Al-Maqri and Al-Qaari are two titles for the same person. So, there is valid difference of opinion in this issue. his chest. So placing them on the chest or stomach isent something for us to argue over, place them either on the chest or on the stomach, it doesnt matter as long as your right hand is above the left. rev2023.3.1.43269. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Like any library, Islam Stack Exchange offers great information, but, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site. and said takbeer, then he bowed. Imam Nimawi comments in his al T'aleeq al Hasan (1/145): 'I have a suspicion that the wording of this hadeeth has mistakenly been changed by a writer. AN-Nasaaee = He is not Strong [Al-Sunan al-Mujtabah with the Tahqeeq of Shaikh Zubayr: 8/319 H. 5680], The saying of Imam Nasaaee in Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: He is not Hujja when he narrates alone [Tuhfat ul-Ashraaf by Al-Mizzi: 5/137, 138 H. 6104], 11. 26. This is where the hands should be during the qiyaam before ruku' and after. If it is placed in one part of zaraa, such as on the wrist, even then the order of placing them on the zaraa gets fulfilled. That one places his hands below the chest but above the navel. At times it is obligatory upon the people of knowledge to distance themselves from his narrations as he narrates munkar ahadeeth from even his authentic teachers. Alhamdulillah all this proves that Placing the Hands on chest is the Sunnah. Moreover, the Ghaali Muqallid Naimwi Hanafi in Athaar as-Sunan, Haashim as-Sindhi in Haashiah Miyaar al-Niqaad have also accepted this narration as Hassan Lidhatih. And if he is Siqah then he cant be Yakhtai Katheeran. Yaqob bin Shaybah = His narrations from Ikrimah are specifically Mudtarib, and he is Saalih when he narrates from other than Ikrimah Those who narrate from Simaak from old times such as Shubah and Sufyaan, then their ahadeeth from him are Saheeh and Mustaqeem. Adh-Dhahabi = He authenticated him in Talkhees ul-Mustadrak. [1/297]. In the beginning of Kitaab at-Tahaarah, he has written that: This is the most abridged Musnad Saheeh based on the sayings of the Prophet. * This saying is also chain-less (hence rejected). Abu Haatim = He is truthful, and in some of his hadeeth there is Idtiraab and I do not know anyone more firm and more of a Jurist (Faqeeh) narrator than him from amongst the companions of Makhool. (al-Jarah wal Tadeel of Ibn Abi Haatim Tarjamah Sulemaan, Tahdheeb ut-Tahdheeb (4/237) and Aun al-Mabood (2/325), So Imam Abu Haatim said he was firm, which are words of high praise. 6. He Eluquent except through Ikrimah From Ibn Abbaas And Sufyaan ath-Taree weakened him.. [Taareekh ath-Thiqaat: 621, and Taareekh Baghdaad: 9/216]. By clicking Accept all cookies, you agree Stack Exchange can store cookies on your device and disclose information in accordance with our Cookie Policy. This proves that according to Thanvi, Muammal is Saheeh ul-Hadeeth or Hasan ul-Hadeeth according to Haafidh Ibn Hajar. Generally, according to the scholars of hadeeth, the narrations which are put forth by the Deobandis, Bareilwis and other branches of the Hanafis, according to the scholars of Hadeeth are all weak and rejected. navel.. Maalik. It was also narrated by Ibn al-Mundhir from C) Haafidh Ibn Hibbaan, in his book, Mashaaheer Ulama al-Amsaar ha mentioned Simaak bin Harb and did not narrate any criticizm on him (Pg 110 T. 840). 109158. Site design / logo 2023 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under CC BY-SA. This saying is not proven due to Abu Bakr bin Ayyaash. 13. 3. From Zaaidah, he said: Aasim bin Kulayb narrated to us, he said: My Father narrated to me, Verily Waail ibn Hujr (radiallah anhu) said: Then the Prophet (peace be upon him) placed his right hand over the back of his palm, wrist, and arm. [Sunan Nasaaee: Kitaab al-Iftataah: H. 889]. [H. 252], Baghwi graded one of his hadeeth to be Hasan. hadeeth to prove that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be We will ensure that you will get our conclusions based on authentic resources of Islam. However in his Ihya al Ulumuddin he says under the chest and above the navel. Imam Mizzi said: Imam Bukhaari has narrated from him as Istish-haad [Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 18/527], Haafidh Muhammad Taahir al-Maqdasi has written regarding a narrator that: In fact He (Bukhari) has taken narrations from him in many places as Istish-haad to indicate that he is Siqah. He has errors that would take too long to be mentioned. [Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 10/381]. Answer Sayyiduna Wa-il ibn Hujr (radiyallahu'anhu) says: 'I saw Rasulullah (sallallahu'alayhi wasallam) place his right hand over his left hand, below his navel in salah.' (Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah, Hadith: 3959). All rights reserved. Further, it should be known that the Deobandis have tampered with Musannaf Ibn Abee Shaybah, by adding the words, below the navel, whereas the actual manuscript and various prints of Musannaf Ibn Abee Shaybah are free from any such addition. 4. Meaning he (peace be upon him) did not wash his full zaraa but some part of it?? The answer to this question is linked to Question No. left. (Ahmad, no. 3. Ibn Khuzaymah = He authenticated him in his Saheeh [1/8 H. 8 and others], 17. The hadeeth of Waail [radiallah anhu] present in the authentic Nuskha of Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, is narrated without any determination of where to place the hands. Shaikh ul Allaamah Al-Haafidh Badee ud-Deen Shaah Raashidi as-Sindhee (May Allah have Mercy upon him) is the most correct view. This narration is narrated without any chain. Zafar Ahmed Uthmaani said: And Mursal is Hujjat according to us. [Alaa us-Sunan: Vol 1 Pg 82]. Not one of the famous 4 Imams of Islamic jurisprudence (via means of an authentic ascription to them) - Abu Hanifa . * This proves that according to the saying narrated from Imam Abu Dawood, Muammal is Hasan ul-Hadeeth according to him, but the tawtheeq of Abu Ubayd al-Aajuri is not known, this saying is defective. See: Al-Kawakib al-Niraat by Ibn al-Kiyaal Pg 159. * Some people open up the whole shop of taweelaat on the words yadau hazihi ala hazihi sadrihi (placed them on his chest) of Musnad Ahmed. Al-Ukaylee = He mentioned him in Ad-Duafaa, From this detail, we come to know that Sulemaan is Siqah and Sudooq according to the Jumhoor, so therefore there is no weakness in it because of Sulemaan bin Moosa. This saying is not found in Kitaab al-Illal of Imam Ibn al-Madeeni and Kitaab ad-Duafa of Imam Nasaaee. Is email scraping still a thing for spammers, Partner is not responding when their writing is needed in European project application, Can I use this tire + rim combination : CONTINENTAL GRAND PRIX 5000 (28mm) + GT540 (24mm). 12. Sulemaan bin Moosa al-Umwi Ad-Dimashqi Al-Ashdaq: 1. Al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Sifat Salaat al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) (The Prophets Prayer Described) p. 68: He would place his right hand over the back of his left hand, wrist and forearm, and he told his companions to do likewise. Yahya ibn Maeen = Siqah (Reliable) [Al-Jarah wal Tadeel: 4/279, and Taareekh Baghdaad: 9/215, Chain Saheeh], 6. Since there is a doubt of Inqita in the Muaan narration of a Mudallis, thats why the narration of that narrator is not accepted until the affirmation of having that hadeeth heard directly is done from that narrator. Ibn al-Mubaarak = Simaak is Daeef in Hadeeth [Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 8/131, Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 4/204]. * Muammal is Jayyid ul-Hadeeth, meaning Siqah and Sudooq according to Imam Ibn Katheer. Indeed, placing the hands under the navel has come in a Hadeeth of 'Ali with a weak chain of narrators. According to a report narrated by Abu Saalih bin Muhammad Al-Baghdaadi = He weakened him [Taareekh Baghdaad: 9/216]. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Can non-Muslims ride the Haramain high-speed train in Saudi Arabia? hand upon his left on his chest in the prayer., Reported by ibn Khuzaymah, and this hadth is authentic, authenticated by ibn Khuzaymah as was made clear by ibn Sayyid an-Ns in his Sharh at-Tirmidh. Why is there such a difference in style? [Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb: 7362]. This hadeeth was later disturbed and jumbled by the mistake of some copyist, and the similar nuskha then remained under the observation of Qasim bin Qatlubagha. This is a short treatise which is written for the general people so that they may attain guidance. Ali ibn al-Madeeni = He narrated from him as mentioned in Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (1/526) and Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (10/380) and others. him) said: I prayed with the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings can Allah go against his own revelation and test a soul beyond its limit? Al-Baghwi = He graded his hadeeth to be Hasan. Yaqoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi: Muammal is a great sunni shaikh. 27. Copyrights 2008-2019 System of Life. Now, does this also means some part of zara (arm) here? Ishaaq bin Rahwayh: Thiqah [Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 10/381]. Ataa bin Abi Ribaah = He Praised him [Kitaab al-Marifah wal Taareekh: 2/405, Chain Saheeh], 7. No narrator in the chains is unknown nor is there any broken chain of narration. (Ibn Khuzaimah, 1/2). More Similar Ahadeeth with more clear and exact wordings and meanings, : : , Al-Hassan bin Ali narrated to us, Abul Waleed narrated to us, Zaaidah narrated to us, from Aasim bin Kulayb, with the same isnaad and meaning, It says in it that: He (peace be upon him) placed his right hand over the back of his palm, wrist, and arm.. [Sunan Abu Dawood: Kitaab as-Salaat: Baab Rafa al-Yadain fi as-Salah: H. 727]. Further, Imaam Ibn Sayyid an-Naas, Haafidh Ibn Hajr, Aliaamah Ainee and Aliaamah Shawkaanee have all declared this narration authentic. Religions, Sects and Da'wah (Call to Islam), Jinaayaat (Criminology) and Islamic Judicial System, Islamic Politics and International Affairs, Medical Issues, Media, Culture and Means of Entertainment. Therefore this hadeeth too, is the proof of placing the hands on the chest. The correct words would appear to be "Yadhau hadhihi ala hadhihi", i.e., "he would place this hand upon this hand", and not "hadhihi ala sadrihi", i.e., "this hand upon his chest". What's the difference between a power rail and a signal line. I've read in a Shafi'i book a 4th opinion which is that a-Shafi'i was of the opinion that leaving the hands free is the most prefered, but for those who are afraid of loosing concentration they should put the right hand on the left hand. To stregnthen his congectural and ideological position, he writes, while trying to educt from the writing style of Haafidh Ibn Hajar that: The narration narrated by Waail bin Hujr is narrated with different wordings. right hand on his left during prayer, when standing to recite Quraan, and The Malikiyyah were of the opinion that one leaves his hands free [by his sides] in prayer (irsl). Centering layers in OpenLayers v4 after layer loading. Whereas, according to Shaafiees and Ahle-Hadeeth, a Mursal hadeeth is not hujja until it is not supported by a Marfoo and Musnad hadeeth. One should know that none of the four Imams said that the hands should be on the chest as their first opinion. (Ahmad 21460.). It would be beneficial. Keep Learning & Practicing Islam! Proof 1) The hadeeth of Sahl ibn Sad radhi Allahu anho, Proof 2) The Hadeeth of Waail ibn Hujr Radhi Allahu anho. Centering layers in OpenLayers v4 after layer loading. Yahya ibn Maeen: Thiqah [Taareekh Ibn Maeen by Ad-Dauri: 235 Pg 591, Al-Jarah wal Tadeel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 8/374], In Kitaab al-Jarah wal Tadeel, Imam Ibn Abi Haatim wrote that: Yaqoob bin Ishaaq narrated to us from what was written in the book from him, he said, Uthmaan bin Saeed (Imam Ad-Daarimi) narrated to us, he said: I said to Yahya ibn Maeen: What is the Condition of Muammal when he narrates from Sufyaan? B) Haaifdh Ibn Hibban has himself narrated several ahadeeth of Simaak in his Saheeh. Therefore criticizm on the hadeeth of Sufyaan narrated from Simaak, is rejected. Imam Bukhaari = It has passed in the beginning that Imam Bukhaari has took narrations from Simaak in his Saheeh (6722). The scholars He poured water with his right hand over his left twice or thrice and then washed his private parts and rubbed his hand on the earth or on a wall twice or thrice and then rinsed his mouth, washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out arid then washed his face and Zaraa and poured water over his head and washed his body. 4. When the Prophet prostrated, he prostrated between his two palms. Ibn Allaamah Nimawee Hanafee in Aathaarus-Sunan, (1/67) has also admitted that the chain of narration is, Saheeh., Further, Allaamah Muhaddith Abdur-Rahmaan Mubaarakpooree in Tuhfatul-Ahwadee the explantion of Tirmidhee writes, All the narrators in this chain of narration are reliable/respected and this chain is complete.. In order to keep my answer concise I am going to state all the different opinions and quote one ahadeeth in support for the opinion. " The detailed research on him is as follows: The following narrations of Muammal are present in Sihaah Sittah: Saheeh Bukhaari = (H. 2700, and according to a raajih qaul H. 7083 in Taleeq Form), Sunan Tirmidhi = (H. 415, 672, 1822, 1948, 2145, 3266, 3525, 3906, 3949), Sunan Nasaaee: Al-Sughra = (H. 4097, 4589). And Imam Dhahabi said: He is Sudooq Jaleel [Al-Mughni fi Duafa: 2649], and he said: Al-Haafiz Al-Imam Al-Kabeer [Siyar Alaam al-Nabula: 5/245], 15.